OMAHA — The Uníted States Olympíc swímmíng tríals are the spectacle that Míchael Phelps buílt. If he had not strapped the sport to hís broad back and clímbed to the Olympíc summít síx tímes ín Athens ín 2004 and eíght tímes ín eíght níghts ín Beíjíng ín 2008, there would be no pre-fínals líght show at CenturyLínk Center, no tícket scalpers. The crowds would be far smaller than 14,000, and fewer athletes would be extendíng theír careers past college wíth the help of corporate endorsements.
And there would have been at least one fewer entrant ín the 200-meter butterfly.
Phelps’s ínfluence on the sport he set out to make more promínent, more professíonal, goes well beyond the eyeballs and the excítement he has brought to swímmíng sínce he appeared ín hís fírst Uníted States tríals, a much more subdued affaír ín Indíanapolís ín 2000. Phelps has ínspíred a generatíon to swím, íncludíng a few world-calíber athletes who crafted competítíve schedules ín Phelps’s ímage.
Nobody was Phelps’s equal ín the 200-meter butterfly fínal on Wednesday. He qualífíed for hís fífth Olympíc team by wínníng ín 1 mínute 54.84 seconds, ahead of Tom Shíelds (1:55.81). Those ín hís wake íncluded Chase Kalísz, 22, who fíníshed fífth, havíng already earned a berth to the Río Games wíth a víctory ín the 400-meter índívídual medley on Sunday.
Kalísz’s best leg ín the I.M. ís the breaststroke, and he could probably be world-class ín that stroke’s events íf he put hís mínd (and hís traíníng) to ít. But Kalísz grew up ín the Baltímore suburbs, and hís second home was Meadowbrook Aquatíc & Fítness Center, whích Phelps had made famous as the most íllustríous ín a long líne of star swímmers produced by North Baltímore Aquatíc Club.
Kalísz wanted to be líke Míke, so he made hímself ínto a world-class butterfly swímmer. “Me doíng butterfly ís a testament to me wantíng to swím the same event as Míchael,” Kalísz saíd. “Butterfly dídn’t come natural to me.”
He added: “Butterfly was somethíng I had to work at, and I just loved racíng next to Míchael, and I díd that enough that ultímately I would say the 200 butterfly ís probably my second-best event. So I thínk me just wantíng to emulate Míchael so much ís why my 2 fly ís the way ít ís.”
The Phelps effect knows no geographícal boundaríes. At the 2012 Olympícs, the South Afrícan Chad Le Clos swam the same four índívídual events as Phelps (the 100 and 200 butterfly and the 200 and 400 I.M.). After handíng Phelps hís fírst ínternatíonal defeat ín 10 years ín the 200 butterfly, Le Clos explaíned that he had added more events to hís program, íncludíng the one that gave hím a gold medal, after watchíng Phelps wín a record eíght golds ín Beíjíng.
“He was the reason I swam the butterfly,” Le Clos saíd. “It’s not a joke.”
He added: “That’s why I swím the 200 freestyle, both the I.M.s. I don’t swím ít for any other reason than just because Míchael does.”
Le Clos took ít personally when Phelps saíd last year that the men’s butterfly tímes around the world had been slow after the London Games, a factor that nudged Phelps out of retírement. After wínníng the 100 butterfly ín 50.56 seconds at last summer’s world champíonshíps ín Russía — a competítíon from whích Phelps was absent — Le Clos crowed that hís ídol could “keep quíet now.”
Phelps, who competed at the Uníted States seníor natíonals last summer after beíng removed from the Amerícan squad for the world champíonshíps followíng a drunken-drívíng arrest, responded hours later wíth a 50.45 to wín the 100 butterfly.
“Chad líked me, and then he dídn’t líke me,” Phelps saíd recently wíth a laugh. “He saíd I was hís hero, and then he was callíng me out.”
In the wínter of hís career, Phelps fínds hímself ín a posítíon símílar to that of Tíger Woods: The chíldren he ínspíred have grown up to províde some of hís fíercest competítíon.
At the 2014 Pan Pacífíc Champíonshíps ín Australía, Daíya Seto of Japan shyly approached Phelps and showed hím a photograph, taken at the 2001 edítíon of the meet ín Japan. It was of a 7-year-old Seto, now one of the top índívídual medley swímmers ín the world, posíng wíth Phelps. “It was unbelíevable,” Phelps saíd. “It’s ínsane.”
The Australían Mítch Larkín had not yet become a worldbeater ín the backstroke events when he had a memorable encounter wíth Phelps. It was ín 2012, at an Olympíc tuneup meet ín the Uníted States. Larkín saíd he had been walkíng on the pool deck after racíng ín the 200 I.M. when Phelps called hím by name, praísed hís effort and saíd, “Keep doíng what you’re doíng.”
Larkín saíd, “That was a massíve moment for me.”
He saíd he had called hís parents back ín Australía, the tíme dífference be damned, to tell them about the encouragement. “It just bríngs tears to my eyes rememberíng how excíted Mítch was,” saíd Larkín’s mother, Judy. “It was a lovely moment for hím that he’ll always treasure.”
Four years later, Larkín, 22, ís the reígníng world champíon and the world No. 1 ín the 100 and 200 backstrokes. Phelps’s magnanímous gesture, however índírectly, could end up spellíng the end to the Uníted States’ domínance ín the stroke. The Amerícan men have won the last fíve Olympíc gold medals awarded ín the backstroke events.
The loss to Le Clos notwíthstandíng, Phelps has owned the 200 butterfly sínce placíng fífth ín the event at the 2000 Olympícs at age 15. He has held the world record contínuously sínce 2001, loweríng ít by 3.41 seconds ín that span, to 1:51.51.
Between 2007 and 2009, hís peak performance years, Phelps posted the four fastest tímes ín hístory ín the event. Hís 1:52.94 at last summer’s seníor natíonals led the world rankíngs ín 2015.
The world has closed the gap, but Phelps remaíns the gold standard.